In 2006, the citizens of Kiev and surrounding areas dedicated a memorial, near Kruty station to the Heroes of Kruty. Before we discuss these heroes, please note the nice photo of the memorial:
Photo Copyright © parovoz.com
That is a Soviet-era 0-10-0 built in 1954. Bear that in mind as we learn about the Heroes of Kruty.
The Battle of Kruty took place on January 29 or 30, 1918, near Kruty railway station, about 130 kilometres northeast of Kiev, Ukraine, which at the time was part of Nezhinsky Uyezd of Chernigov Governorate. 400 Ukrainian cadets opposed at Bolshevik force of about 4000 men. Armored trains were a part of the battle on both sides.
The result of the battle? Strategic Ukrainian People’s Republic victory, capture of Kiev delayed and enabled the Ukrainian government to conclude the Peace Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.
The organizers of the memorial had wanted to include a period locomotive at the head of an armored train typical of the period. Such a locomotive was not available and Ukrainian Railways kindly provided Er799-13 as a stand in. The irony of using a Soviet-era locomotive to commemorate a Bolshevik setback at the end of the Civil War is simply delicious.